Medal & Mortality index
The Military Cross was instituted as a Decoration on December 28th, 1914, to
reward Distinguished Services rendered by Officers of certain ranks in the army
in time of war. Bars may be added for additional acts of gallantry. Since August
1st, 1918, it has, like the D.S.O., been awarded for "services in action" only.
JERWOOD, Capt. Edward Longsden ... ... ... 1/Royal Berks
S. of RICHEBOURG L'AVOUE, May 15th, 1915. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during a night attack on the enemy's trenches, when in charge of machine guns, He established a machine gun in position in the second captured German trench under rifle and machine-gun fire, and also recovered a machine gun that had been lost between the first and second German trenches. On I7th May he gallantly led a section which established two machine guns in the firing line under shell fire, and set a fine example to the men under his command.
FIRST BAR TO M.C.
Near OPPY, 29th April, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in leading his company during an attack. By his dispositions and personal example he was able to repulse several heavy counter-attacks until himself wounded. The reports he sent back were invaluable.
SECOND BAR TO M.C.
Near BERMERAIN, 24th October, 1918. For marked gallantry and devotion to duty.
When in command of the support company he noticed that the left front company and the battalion on his left were held up by heavy enfilade machine-gun fire. He promptly advanced his company and captured the final objective.