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Northumberland Arms, 18 Northumberland street WC2N

St Martins pub history index

Hartshorn lane, Charing Cross in 1746

Hartshorn lane, Charing Cross in 1746 - John Rocque map

This is at the southern end on the west side of Northumberland street and some of the very early records list it in Great Scotland yard.
Christopher Alley or Hartshorn Lane, afterwards Northumberland Street, Strand, extends, like the present Northumberland Avenue, to the Embankment. Hartshorne Lane or Alley was palled down about the year 1761, and Northumberland Street built in its place (Dodsley's London and its Environs 1761).
It is not, I think, generally known that there was a Palace Court, or Court of the Marshalsea of the King's House (abbreviated " Marshalsea "), which was from 1801 to 1849, when it was abolished, held in Old Scotland Yard opposite the Admiralty. It had jurisdiction of all civil suits within twelve miles of the Palace. The process is described in 1818 as short and not expensive, judgment being obtained in three weeks.
Scotland Yard derived its name from having been erected in the days before the Union of England and Scotland, when the kings of Scotland visited Westminster, and resided here, when they came to do homage for the comities of Cumberland and Huntingdon and other fiefs held by them of the Crown of England. Here resided Margaret Queen of Scots, and sister to King Henry VIII. when she came into England after the death of her daughter. Part of the " Yard," so long the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police until their removal to the Embankment, was formerly the official residence of the surveyor of the works to the Crown. Here lived Inigo Jones ; here died his successor. Sir John Denham, the poet of Cooper's Hill ; and here lived Denham's successor, Sir Christopher Wren.
In a fantastic house, immortalised by Swift in some ludicrous lines, lived Sir John Vanbrugh. Van's house was designed and built by himself, says Cunningham, from the ruins of Whitehall destroyed by fire in 1697.

Craig's Court, on the north side of Old Scotland Yard, and on the south side, I think, of Cox's Bank, is more correctly Craggs Court, so called, it is said, after the father of Secretary Craggs, friend of Pope, Addison, &c., but Cunningham says it was named after another Craggs. Here the Sun Fire Office was established in 1726. It was in this court that Speaker Onslow's carriage had an accident when attempting to negotiate the narrow entrance — an accident which hastened through the House the first great metropolitan street reform, the Westminster Paving Act of 1762.
One of Sheridan's favourite resorts was the Northumberland Coffee-house, which occupied approximately the site of what was afterwards Wyld's well-known map shop. The umbrella shop at the comer of the court used to boast — perhaps it does still — a fine example of embossed zinc-work of apparently the sixteenth century, in the form of a water-tank, I think. Cox and Greenwood's bank, or, rather, " Army-agency office," stood here, at least as early as 1831.'

A listing of historical public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in St Martins in Fields, London.

Residents at this address.

1805/John Barrett, Northumberland Arms, Northumberland street, Strand/../../Holdens Directory

Grand Lodge Freemasonry registers 1812-1836
November 7th 1826, Christopher Bearpark, victualler, Northumberland Street, Strand, 1826 to June 1827 is listed during his membership of the Lodge of United Strength

1829/C Bearpark, Northumberland Arms, Great Scotland yard/../../Robsons Directory

1833-34/Ann Bearpark, Northumberland Arms, Great Scotland yard/../../Pigots Directory

1836/Thomas Binns/../../../Pigots Directory

1839/James Oliff/../../../Pigots Directory

1841/James Oliff/../../../Post Office Directory

1841/James Oliff/Licensed Victualler/55/../Census
1841/Maryb Oliff/../55/../Census
1841/William Dacon/../15/Middleex/Census
1841/Elizabeth Taylor/../30/../Census
1841/Jane McAdam/../65/../Census
1841/Martha Kennett/../70/../Census
1841/George Ousley/../9/../Census

1842/James Oliff, Northumberland Arms, Great Scotland yard/../../Robsons Directory

1843/John Thompson/../../../Kellys Directory

1848/John Daniel Thompson/../../../Post Office Directory

1851/John Daniel Thompson/../../../Kellys Directory

1851/John Thompson/Publican/39/Regent street/Census
1851/Mary Ann Thompson/Wife/35/Regent street/Census
1851/Jno Thompson/Son/12/Vauxhall road/Census
1851/Mary Ann Thompson/Daughter/10/Vauxhall road/Census
1851/Sarah Thompson/Daughter/8/Northumberland street/Census
1851/Eliza Thompson/Daughter/6/Northumberland street/Census
1851/Joseph Thompson/Son/5/Northumberland street/Census
1851/Ellen Thompson/Daughter/3/Northumberland street/Census
1851/Ann Thompson/Daughter/18 months/Northumberland street/Census
1851/Sarah Shipcott/Servant/22/Westminster/Census
1851/Robert Shipcott/Potman/18/Westminster/Census
1851/Eliza Bennett/Servant/14/Westminster/Census
1851/George Evelidge/Lodger, labourer/22/Whitechapel/Census
1851/George Long/Lodger, labourer/21/Whitechapel/Census
1851/Robert Slade/Lodger, labourer/21/Bridport, Dorset/Census
1851/Joseph Thompson/Widow/75/Warwick/Census

1856/John Daniel Thompson/../../../Post Office Directory

1869/John Daniel Thompson/../../../Post Office Directory

1871/John D Thompson/Licensed Victualler, Widow/59/London, Middlesex/Census
1871/Mary Ann Thompson/Daughter/30/London, Middlesex/Census
1871/Eliza Thompson/Daughter/25/London, Middlesex/Census
1871/Annie Thompson/Daughter/21/London, Middlesex/Census
1871/Elizabeth Beveridge/Servant, widow/78/Devon/Census
1871/Martha Tapley/Servant/22/Berkshire/Census
1871/William Toovey/Servant/17/London, Middlesex/Census

1874/J D Thompson/../../../Licensed Victualler & Hotelier Directory

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