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Windsor Castle, 23 Francis Street, London SW1P 1DN

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The earliest reference I have found to this pub is on 13th May 1823, when an inquest held there is reported in The Morning Post. It appears to have been rebuilt in 1848, and again in 1896. It was at 23 Francis Street by 1891. The name was changed to the Cardinal in 1963, in honour of Cardinal Manning, founder of the nearby Westminster Cathedral. It reverted to the Windsor Castle, despite much opposition from the Roman Catholic hierarchy, after refurbishment in early 2011.***

Historical London public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels.

Windsor Castle, 10 Francis Street, Tothill Fields, Westminster

Windsor Castle, 10 Francis Street, Tothill Fields, Westminster

Windsor Castle, 23 Francis Street, SW1 - in April 2007

Windsor Castle, 23 Francis Street, SW1 - in April 2007

Kindly provided by Stephen Harris

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Residents at this address.

1 March 1837 Insured: John Thomas Blazdell, of The Windsor Castle 10 Francis Street Back Fields Tothill Fields Westminster, victualler. Ref: MS 11936/553/1245802 ***

1841/John Blazdell/Licensed Victualler/50/Middlesex/Census ***
1841/Anna Blazdell/../40/outside Middlesex/Census
1841/Anne Blazdell/../15/Middlesex/Census
1841/Anne Meaton/../10/Middlesex/Census
1841/Emar Blazdell/../3/Middlesex/Census
1841/Elizabeth Blazdell/../3 month/Middlesex/Census
1841/Sarah Higthe/Female Servant/15/Middlesex/Census
1841/James Ford/Male Servant/20/Middlesex/Census
1841/Frederick Long/Weaver/35/Middlesex/Census

1848/John Blazdele/../../../Post Office Directory

1851/John Thomas Blazdell/../../../Kellys Directory

1851/James Blazdell/Publican/61/St Margarets Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1851/Ann Blazdell/Wife/51/Ipswich, Suffolk/Census
1851/Emma Blazdell/Daughter/13/St Margarets Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1851/Elizabeth Blazdell/Daughter/10/St Margarets Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1851/Alice Develing/Servant/20/St Margarets Westminster, Middlesex/Census

1856/J T Blazdell/../../../Post Office Directory

7th Nov 1857/License transfer from execs. of John Thomas Bladzell to Thomas Sharp /../../../ The Era ***

25th Jan 1859/License transfer from Thomas Sharp to Edward Haydon/../../../ The Era ***

1861/Edwd Haydon/Licensed Victualler/68/Norwich/Census ***
1861/Mary Haydon/Wife/66/London Middlesex/Census
1861/Thos Lee/Visitor and Licensed Victualler/25/London Middlesex/Census
1861/Louisa Lee/Daughter/30/London Middlesex/Census
1861/Ellen Louisa Lee/Daughter/2 months/London Middlesex/Census
1861/Sarah Baker/Domestic Servant/19/Peckham Kent/Census
# Thomas Lee was licensee of the Rochester Arms, 44 Rochester Row.
# Ellen Louisa presumably should be “granddaughter”

1869/E Haydon/../../../Post Office Directory

1871/Edwd Haydon/Licensed Victualler, Widow/79/Norrfolk, Norwich/Census
1871/Rd Solman/Son in Law, Ginger Beer Maker/47/Bath, Somerset/Census
1871/Mary Solman/Daughter/41/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1871/Geo F Solman/Grandson/10/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1871/Thos H Lea/Son in Law/34/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1871/Louisa Lea/Daughter/36/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1871/Ellen Lea/Grand Daughter/9/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1871/Annie Lea/Grand Daughter/10/Westminster, Middlesex/Census

1881/Alfred Rainbow/Licensed Victualler/50/Stoke Goldington, Buckingham/Census
1881/Elizabeth Rainbow/Wife/45/Westminster/Census
1881/Mary Ann Wilkinson/Domestic Servant/68/Westminster/Census
1881/Joseph Dell/Potman/21/Lambeth, Surrey/Census

1882/Alfred Rainbow/../../../Post Office Directory

1884/William Ball/../../../Post Office Directory

1891/Arthur Hollands/../../../Post Office Directory

1891/George A Hollands/Licensed Victualler/40/Brighton Sussex/Census ***
1891/Sarah A Hollands/Wife/37/Brighton Sussex/Census
1891/Florence Hollands/Daughter and Barmaid/16/Lancashire/Census
1891/Ernest Hollands/Son/11/Middlesex/Census
1891/George Hollands/Son/9/Middlesex/Census
1891/Charles Hollands/../3/Middlesex/Census
1891/Emma Lamb/17/Servant/Middlesex/Census

31st Aug 1891/G A Holland/landlord/../../ The Morning Post (summonsed for serving liquor out of hours – acquitted) ***

1895/James Naylor/../../../Post Office Directory

1899/Jacob King/../../../Post Office Directory

23rd Jun 1900/Samuel Abrahams/Licensed Victualler/../../ The Standard (witness in a case of obtaining money by false pretences) ***

[The address is given as 38 Francis Street in this census – there are only two house numbers in the street, the other being 47] ***
1901/John J Griffiths/Hotel Manager/46/Paddington London/Census ***
1901/Harriet J Griffiths/Wife/42/Hunsdon Herts/Census
1901/Ernest A Bissell/Barman and Cellarman/28/Westminster London/Census
1901/Catherine A Frampton/Barmaid/25/Cardiff Wales/Census
1901/Florence B Malcolm/Barmaid/18/High Ho;born London/Census
1901/Minnie Dunning/Barmaid/19/Freemantle Hampshire/Census
1901/John W Powis/Potman/36/Westminsater London/Census
1901/Annie Willerton/Housemaid/22/Boston Lincolnshire/Census
1901/Olive A Elphick/Cook/27/Tunbridge Wells Kent/Census
1901/Frederick Abrahams/Visitor/40/Whitechapel London/Census

1910/Jacob King/../../../Post Office Directory

1911/Arthur John Wells/Manager Retail/29/Kentish Town Middlesex/Census ***
1911/Rosa Elizabeth Wells/Wife and Manageress/20/Austria (Resident)/Census
1911/Ernest Evelyn Broadford/Billiard Marker/34/Calcutta India/Census
1911/Elizabeth Woods/Barmaid/28/Stratford Middlesex/Census
1911/Elizabeth Clements/Barmaid/23/Lenham Kent/Census
1911/Henry Golbourn/Potman/45/Shoreditch Middlesex/Census
1915/Jacob King/../../../Post Office Directory
[Jacob King, who would appear, from the directories, to have been licensee from 1899 to 1915 at least, was living with his wife Esther and 6 children at 3 Woodchurch Road Hampstead at the 1901 Census. He is recorded as a Licensed Victualler, but there is no other indication that the address in Hampstead was a pub – there is no barmaid, potman, etc. In 1911, he is not at home, but his wife Esther is still at the same address: again no indication that it is a pub. He seems to have been an absentee landlord.]

1915/Jacob King/../../../Post Office Directory

1921/Mrs Esther King/../../../Post Office Directory

1944/Copes Taverns Ltd/../../../Post Office Directory

** Provided By Stephen Harris

*** Provided By John Hills


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