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Rockingham Arms, 31 Hosier Lane, St Sepulchre EC1

St Sepulchre index

This address appears to have been the Old Horse and Groom, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield in 1805, and also in 1829 and 1832

Historical London public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels.

Residents at this address

26th January 1788/Insured: The Treasurer for the time being of St Bartholomews Hospital : Other property or occupiers: the Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield (Thos. Reid, victualler)/../../Sun Fire Office records held at the LMA

1798 - 1807: George Hamilton in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

1805/G Hamilton, the Old Horse and Groom, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Holdens Directory

11th November 1807/John Fitch, The Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield, victualler/../../Sun Fire Office records held at the LMA

1808 - 1810: John Fitch in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

1811/John Fitch, Horse and Groom, Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Holdens Directory

1811: Hanbury & Co (or tenant) in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

1812: Sarah Knight in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

1813: property empty in Land Tax Records *

1814 - 1816: Robert David Harrison in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

1817 - 1821: Thomas Fairfax in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

7th October 1811/John David Thorne, The Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield, victualler/../../Sun Fire Office records held at the LMA

General Evening Post of 20 Sep 1821 reports that "Ten Italians, consisting of men, women and children, were... charged with assaults and rioting the previous evening at the Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane. Fairfax, the landlord, stated that a large number of Italians... assembled at his house on Monday evening, bringing with them a male and female fiddler." It looks like Thomas Fairfax may have had to give up his licence as result of the incident. *

1822: Thomas Fairfax in correct street location in Land Tax Records *

Morning Advertiser of 2 Oct 1822 advertises for sale "The materials of five houses, being Nos 23, 24 and 25, and the Horse and Groom Public-house, and House adjoining, situate on the North side of Hosier-lane; comprising wound stock, brick-work, plain and pantiling, oak and fir timber in roofs, floors, and quartering, sashes and frames, shop fronts, doors, partitions, lead gutters and pipes, stone paving, and a variety of useful articles" *

1823: Property empty in Land Tax Records (but marked "Thos. Fairfax") *

English Chronicle and Whitehall Evening Post of 10 Jul 1823 records an action taken by a shoemaker of Hosier Lane against Thomas Fairfax. Fairfax was occupying a house on Hosier Lane, while the Horse and Groom was being rebuilt, and had let some rooms to a man called Curtis, the shoemaker. Fairfax sent an agent to seize the household goods of Curtis, for non-payment of rent. The confusion arose because the house was actually owned by St Barts hospital, and Curtis was used to paying rents to the hospital's collector of rents. Curtis attacked the agent and then attacked Fairfax. The court found for Curtis. *

Morning Advertiser of 15 Nov 1823 lists for sale a 31 year lease, at a low rent, of "that truly desirable, newly built, public house and liquor shop, the Horse and Groom, eligibly situate, No 31, Hosier Lane". *

British Press of 5 Dec 1823 reports a case against John Coleman, of the Horse and Groom public-house, Hosier Lane. Coleman's application for a licence had been refused, as a result of a skittle-ground attached to the house "which had become a nuisance to the neighbourhood". Coleman had been retailing beer and spirits without a licence and was found guilty. *

1824 - 1825: property marked "W Richardson - (Thos. Fairfax)" in Land Tax Records *

1827/William Hull, Horse and Groom, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Pigots Directory

Morning Advertiser of 31 Mar 1827 lists for sale the lease of "a very lucrative and respectable public house, the Horse and Groom, very eligibly situated for business, in the immediate vicinity of Smithfield, deriving from the Markets alone a never-failing trade. The house was rebuilt a few years since, and when the present lease of 21 years was granted, a fine [premium] was paid of 650l. There are at present 18 years of this term existing.". *

Morning Advertiser of 14 Jul 1828 lists for sale at the Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane, "All the Furniture, Fixtures and Fittings-up of the premises, capital 5-motion beer engine, liquor counters and fountain, casks, and show-bottles, mahogany drinking and other tables, chimney glasses, tent and other bedsteads, clean feather beds, porter and ale, pewter pots, glasses and bottles &c.". *

Morning Advertiser of 5 Dec 1828 lists Robert Turle, late of Horse and Groom Public-house, Hosier Lane, as an insolvent debtor.. *

4th October 1827/Robert Turle, The Horse and Groom, Hosier Lane, West Smithfield, victualler/../../Sun Fire Office records held at the LMA

1829/Robert Turle, Horse and Groom, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Robsons Directory

Weekly Times (London) of 20 Jun 1830 describes the trial at the Guildhall of a young Italian man called Gianelli, who was accused of injuring another Italian, called Candosi. They had been playing cards at the Horse and Groom, and at 1.30am they had an argument which resulted in a fight. Candosi ran upstairs and hid, but said that Gianelli and several others found him and threatened to throw him out of the window. Candosi said he was dragged downstairs and knocked down with an iron bar, but could not provide any witnesses, even though there were seventy Italians in the pub at the time. Gianelli said that when Candosi had started to fight "... it was not with his fists, after the English fashion, but by dealing out blows with bottles of brandy and noyeau". The judge determined that Candosi was not blameless in the event and his charge against Gianelli was dismissed. *

Morning Advertiser of 5 Jul 1830 lists for sale at the Horse and Groom, by order of the Sheriffs of London, "The whole of the household furniture of the usual description, Stock, the excellent fixtures and fittings, including stoves, ranges, five motion beer engine, liquor fountain and numerous other useful effects". *

1832/Ann Woodward, Horse and Groom, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Robsons Directory

Morning Advertiser of 11 Aug 1832 lists Mr Mills of the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, as a donor to the licensed victuallers association *

Morning Advertiser of 22 Nov 1834 describes Mr Mills of the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, taking a collection at the put for Private Hutchinson, a soldier who had been flogged at Charring Cross barracks for drunkenness in Jul 1834. *

Sun (London) of 26 Feb 1836 describes an inquest, held at the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, on the body of a 16 year old apprentice, James Claret, who had hung himself. *

Globe of 22 Feb 1840 lists Philip Mills of the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, as a bankrupt *

Morning Herald (London) of 21 Apr 1840 shows the bankruptcy trustees of Philip Mills selling the lease on the Rockingham Arms (from St Barts Hospital, with 11 years to run) *

Weekly Dispatch (London) of 23 Aug 1840 shows Philip Mills, of the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, having four gallons of watered down rum seized *

Weekly Dispatch (London) of 30 Aug 1840 prints a statement from Philip Mills, late of the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane, to the effect that the charge of adulterating beer has never been brought against him. He left the Rockingham Arms six months previously and was now standing for election to the board of the Licensed Victuallers Association Asylum. *

1841/William Spratt/Publican/50/../Census
1841/Ann Spratt/../40/../Census
1841/William Spratt/../16/Middlesex/Census
1841/Emma Spratt/../13/Middlesex/Census
1841/Mary Terry/../25/../Census

Planet of 22 May 1842 describes two inquests held on the same day at the Rockingham Arms, Hosier Lane - one on the body of a newborn child which had been hidden in a parcel and handed in at a parcel delivery service nearby, the other on the body of a 50 year old man from Dorset who died vomiting blood in Shoe Lane, Holborn. *

1842/W Spratt, Rockingham Arms, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Robsons Directory

1843/William Spratt/../../../Kellys Directory

Morning Advertiser of 26 Oct 1846 - license of Rockingham Arms transferred from Samuel Morris Plumber to George Frederick Lloyd *

1848/George F Lloyd, Rockingham Arms, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Post Office Directory

February 1848/George Frederick Lloyd/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

February 1848/Thomas Moss/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

1851/Thomas Moss/../../../Kellys Directory

1851/Joseph Duncombe/Inn Keeper/32/Herts/Census
1851/Mary Duncombe/Wife/22/India/Census
1851/Mary Duncombe/Daughter/3/India/Census
1851/Eliza Duncombe/Daughter/2/London/Census
1851/Joseph Duncombe/Son/4 months/Ilford, Essex/Census
1851/Daniel Dean/Servant/51/Hants/Census
1851/Amelia Roberts/Servant/22/London/Census
1851/John Cross/Lodger/59/Birmingham/Census
1851/John Bone/Lodger/58/Berks/Census

Morning Advertiser of 5 Jul 1852 - license of Rockingham Arms transferred from Joseph Duncombe to Joseph Cullingworth *

Morning Herald (London) 8 Feb 1853 describes an inquest held at the Rockingham Arms: *

"FATAL EFFECTS OF BLOWING BLADDERS.—Yesterday afternoon Mr William Payne held an inquest at the Rockingham Arms, Hosier-lane, West Smithfield, on the body of Charles Mall, aged 62, a bladder-blower, of No. 11, in the same lane. The deceased, it appeared from the evidence, had for several years past carried on a large business by inflating bullocks and calves bladders, by means of which he had been enabled to support his wife and three children, but of late he had got reduced in circumstances, and being unable to obtain a pair of bellows to perform the necessary work of inflation, the result was he was compelled to do the same with his mouth. This caused him to cough exceedingly, and asthma supervening, he was unable to perform the work without great suffering, and on Friday last he sent, out for a quartern of gin and having drank about half of it, he laid down with his head reclining on a pillow, and quietly expired. The widow of the deceased said, that her husband suffered so much from blowing the bladders, that before he could get his breath of a morning he was obliged to swallow a glass of gin. The coroner having remarked on the melancholy nature of the case, the jury returned a verdict of Natural Death" *

1856/Joseph Cullingworth/../../../Post Office Directory

Sun (London) of 29 Dec 1855 describes William Hunt, landlord of the Rockingham Arms, being fined for permitting people to play cards (cribbage) in the pub *

Morning Advertiser of 25 Feb 1856 - license of Rockingham Arms transferred from Joseph Cullingworth to William Hunt *

Morning Advertiser of 8 Dec 1856 - license of Rockingham Arms transferred from William Hunt to Charles Archbell *

1861/Charles Archbell/Licensed Victualler/42/Tadcaster, Yorkshire/Census ***
1861/Eliza Archbell/Wife/43/Birmingham/Census
1861/Jane M Archbell/Daughter/19/London, Middlesex/Census
1861/Eliza Archbell/Daughter/11/London, Middlesex/Census
1861/Charles George Archbell/Son/9/London, Middlesex/Census
1861/Joseph R Archbell/Son/7/London, Middlesex/Census
1861/James Paul/Boarder, Farmer/24/Wookey, Somerset/Census
1861/William Archbell/Boarder, Farmer/23/Tadcaster, Yorkshire/Census - (and Charles' nephew.)
1861/Alfred Brooks/Boarder, Labourer/20/London, Middlesex/Census
1861/Thomas Boltwood/Boarder, Saddler/40/Harlow, Essex/Census
1861/Frederick Wootton/Boarder, Bootman/19/Northampton/Census
1861/Benjamin Thomas/Boarder, Tailor/23/Wales/Census

The will of Charles Archbell late of the Rockingham Arms in the city of London, Victualler deceased, who died 4 May 1863 at the Rockingham Arms aforesaid, was proved at the Probate Registry by the oath of James Paul of the Rockingham Arms aforesaid, Victualler, one of the executors. Effects under £1,000. ***

Morning Advertiser of 26 Oct 1863 - license of Rockingham Arms transferred to James Paul, executor of Charles Archbell, late occupier *

1867/Mr James Paul, Rockingham Arms, 31 Hosier lane, Smithfield/../../Licensed Victuallers Association

1869/Robert Goodwin/../../../Post Office Directory

February 1870/R Goodwin/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

February 1870/W Seabrook/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

July 1871/Sarah Seabrook, executrix of William seabrook, late occupier/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

July 1871/Richard Jordon/Incoming Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

1874/R Jordan/../../../Licensed Victualler & Hoteliers Directory

1881/William Henshaw/Licensed Victualler/30/Pimlico/Census
1881/Louisa Henshaw/Wife/20/Pimlico/Census
1881/Francis Henshaw/Brother, Student/20/Marylebone/Census
1881/John Nelson/Visitor, Licensed Victualler, Widow/40/Westmorland/Census
1881/Frederic Lambert/Potman/22/Marylebone/Census
1881/Eliza Burfield/Servant/31/Dartford/Census
1881/Emma Corsh/Lodger, Mantle Maker/61/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Carliine Gillart/Lodger, Mantle Maker/60/Hertford/Census
1881/Carliine Gillart/Daughter, Mantle Maker/27/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Lucy Gillart/Daughter, Mantle Maker/23/Hoxton/Census

1882/William Hy Henshaw/../../../Post Office Directory

1884/James Bond/../../../Post Office Directory

* Provided By Stephen Barratt

** Provided By Stephen Harris

*** Provided By Susan King

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  • And Last updated on: Thursday, 25-Jan-2024 10:33:44 GMT