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Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Anne & St Agnes EC1

St Anne & St Agnes pub history index

The Queens hotel replaced the former Bull & Mouth Inn in 1831. The name Bull & Mouth remained in common use until the hotel's demolition in 1888 ** Opposite to the Post Office, on the left-hand side of St. Martin's-le-Grand, stood for many years the Bull and Mouth Hotel, the most central and important coaching-house in the days before railways. There have been many controversies on the name of this house — Bull and Mouth — without, I believe, any quite satisfactory settlement of the question being arrived at.

When the last of the mail coaches retired from business, and was taken off the road, the old Bull and Mouth was remodelled, almost rebuilt, and re- christened the Queen's Hotel. It was then carried on for many years by Mr. Quartermaine East.
As other and more commodious hotels arose, such as the Castle and Falcon on the opposite side of the way, and then the Manchester, a little further north in Aldersgate Street — the trade of the Queen's fell off, and when the growing exigencies of the ever-expanding Post Office required more space, not only the Queen's Hotel, but an adjoining church was swallowed up, and on their site has been erected another gigantic pile of buildings to accommodate the never-ending demands of our postal service.

A listing of historical London public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in  St Anne & St Agnes, City of London.

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in the 1682 Morgans map. You can clearly see the line of the LOndon City Wall marked on the map running east west, before it turns north after passing the Falcon (310).

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in the 1682 Morgans map. You can clearly see the line of the LOndon City Wall marked on the map running east west, before it turns north after passing the Falcon (310).

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in 1746 Rocques map.

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in 1746 Rocques map.

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in 1799 Rocques map.  Also clearly marked are the Angel Inn and the Castle and Falcon Inn.

Bull & Mouth, Bull & Mouth street, St Martins in 1799 Rocques map. Also clearly marked are the Angel Inn and the Castle and Falcon Inn.

Bull & Mouth, St Martins - circa 1820

Bull & Mouth, St Martins - circa 1820

Kindly provided by Colleen

St. Martin's-le-Grand , with General Post Office on the left and Bull and Mouth (afterwards the Queens Hotel) on the right

St. Martin's-le-Grand , with General Post Office on the left and Bull and Mouth (afterwards the Queens Hotel) on the right

The Bull & Mouth, formerly in Aldersgate street. From the original sign now in the Guildhall Museum -  postcard circa 1920

The Bull & Mouth, formerly in Aldersgate street. From the original sign now in the Guildhall Museum -  postcard circa 1920

Kindly provided by Vincent O'Loughlin

Queens Hotel, St Martin le Grand, EC1 sign - in May 2007

Queens Hotel, St Martin le Grand, EC1 sign - in May 2007

Kindly provided by Stephen Harris

Residents at this address

Several earlier records from when this pub was called the Bull & Mouth. :

11 January 1788/Insured: John Willan, the Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth Street, innholder/../../Sun Fire Insurance records held at the LMA

16 January 1790/Insured: John Willan, the Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth Street, innholder - Other property or occupiers: Bull and Mouth Street (Samuel Miller, victualler)/../../Sun Fire Insurance records held at the LMA

5 March 1800/Insured: Edward Viles, the Bull and Mouth Inn tap, Bull and Mouth Street, victualler/../../Sun Fire Insurance records held at the LMA

17 August 1801/Will of George Vasey, Tavern Keeper of Bull and Mouth Inn Bull Mouth Street, City of London/../../ records held at the The National Archives, Kew

1808/Mary Vasey, Bull and Mouth Inn and tavern, Bull and Mouth street/../../Holdens Directory

1808/Jno Willian, Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth street/../../Holdens Directory

1811/Edward Viles, Bull and Mouth tap, Bull and Mouth street/../../Holdens Directory

1811/Mary Francis / Chambermaid //../../../Proceedings of the Old Bailey **

The 1824 electoral register list Edward Sherman as at the stables at Bull and Mouth street

Morning Herald (London) 29 March 1824
Partnerships dissolved. John Eames, Edward Sherman, and John Bovill, of the Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth street, coach masters and carriers.

1827/Richard Greenwood, Bull & Mouth Inn, Bull & Mouth street/../../Pigot's Directory

16 April 1828/Insured: Edward Sherman The Bull and Mouth Inn Bull and Mouth Street innkeeper - Other property or occupiers: Bartholomew Close (Messrs Seddons and Co cabinet makers)/../../Sun Fire Insurance records held at the LMA

Globe 14 October 1826
Yesterday a part of the extensive premises situated in Bartholomew close, so many years the property of the late Mr John Willan, and now in possession of Mr Edward Sherman, proprietor of the extensive coach and waggon offices, known as the Bull and Mouth and Oxford Arms Inns, were reduced to ruins, from the falling of the upper story. The premises were occupied as a depository for waggons and coaches on the ground floor, there being so little room at the Bull and Mouth Inn. The basement was fitted up as stables for about 50 or 60 horses, and three upper stories were used as granaries for the preservation of corn, an immense stock of which was at all times necessary for the support of the very great number of horses on the establishment. About half past two the floor of the fourth story gave way, making a most tremendous noise, carrying havoc and devastation in its course. The underneath floors went with the force of the concussion, and the bearings of the ground floor instantly gave way with the united weight of three stories, each heavily laden with grain. Thus were buried, in the most dreadful confusion, several horses and one waggon, two men, and all the grain.
The most prompt assistance was immediately rendered by the whole strength of the united establishments, and after about four hours incessant labour, during which the persons occupied in clearing the ruins, in order to extricate the horses and men, had first to get out most of the coaches and waggons, they succeeded in rescuing all the horses except three, valued at about sixty pounds each, one of which first showed signs of life, but ultimately expired.
The two men, we are happy to state, escaped without broken bones - one of them, by a miraculous intervention of Providence, scarcely hurt, the other most severely bruised in every part of his limbs and body; so much so, that he was obliged to be carried to St Bartholomews Hospital, which is within 200 yards of the place at which the accident occurred. It is immpossible to say, at present, what is the extent of the injury, but it must be immense. No reason can be at present assigned for the premises having thus suddenly given way, as no professional person has yet been required to examine and report upon the appearance of the upper part of the building.

1832/Sherman & Co/Bull & Mouth Inn/../../Robsons Directory

1834/Harriott Beck & Charlotte Taplin / Victuallers /../../Sun Fire Office records, held at Guildhall Library **

1836/James Turner & Harriott Beck / Victuallers /../../Sun Fire Office records, held at Guildhall Library **

1836/Edward Sherman, Bull & Mouth Hotel & Tavern, St Martins le grand/../../Pigots Directory

An advertisement by Edward Henry Sanderson about his management of the Bull and Mouth commercial hotel [published in The Globe, London, 14th November 1839, as well as in other London newspapers. Edward Sherman was the Licensee at the time. However, in 1824, Edward Henry Sanderson had become the indentured apprentice of Edward Sherman, Inn Keeper. After William Chaplin, Edward Sherman was the 'second most stagecoach proprietor - besides the Bull & Mouth he owned the Swan With Two Necks, the Spread Eagle Tavern, Gracechurch Street [managed by his brother John], the Cross Keys, and the White Horse, Fetter Lane' ***

It looks as though Sanderson managed the accommodation and travel side of the hotel's business (??). Eleven years later, In 1850, he was found [at a daughter's baptism] as a Gentleman, Bull & Mouth Street, but in the 1851 census at 24 Bull and Mouth Street as a Railway Agent. ***

Sanderson's brother was an omnibus proprietor in Clapham and his nephew Cornelius married Jane Challis. She and sister Euphemia were daughters of Thomas Holt Challis, in 1839 the Licensee at The Greyhound, East Street, Brighton - a stagecoach inn - then 1852 onwards at the King and Queen inn [later called Hotel] Brighton. As per earlier emails, Euphemia married Robert Thornton Licensee son of Licensee Robert Clint Thornton, of Camden's Bedford Music Hall, and others. ***

Jane and Euphemia's youngest brother Claude Challis - in winter 1870, a teenage railway ticket agent in Brighton - had a seemingly random encounter with John Mason Cook, son of Thomas Cook [the business only became Tho Cook & son in 1871]. The pair went off to France during the Franco-Prussian War and got through the besieging Prussian forces Siege of Paris with supplies for starving families the Cooks had business dealings with. Claude became TC's longest ever serving employee - their Brussels and later Head Office Rail Agent - until his death in 1923. [Info from Thomas Cook archivist]. ***

Given Edward Henry Sanderson's connection to The Bull and Mouth, perhaps Claude and John Mason Cook's meeting wasn't so random after all. ***

1841/Edward Sherman/../../../Post Office Directory *

1848/Edward Sherman, Bull & Mouth & General Post Office Hotel, St Martins le Grand/../../Post Office Directory

Bull & Mouth :
1851/Ann Fairs/Housekeeper/36/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
1851/Sophia Fairs/Barmaid/30/Maldon, Essex/Census
1851/Charlotte Phipps/Barmaid/35/Harlington, Hertfordshire/Census
1851/Emily Jaytee/Barmaid//27/Croydon, Surrey/Census
1851/Mary Ward/Scullerymaid/38/Frestead, Essex/Census
1851/Margaret Gerson/Kitchenmaid/19/Newcastle, Ireland/Census
1851/Elizabeth Price/Chambermaid/40/Shropshire/Census
1851/Ann Kendell/Needlewoman/23/Shoreditch, Middlesex/Census
1851/Mary Ann Child/Housemaid/23/City of London/Census
1851/Jane Fisher/Housemaid/29/Lowestoft, Suffolk/Census
1851/Winifred Mark/Housemaid/28/St Lueks, Middlesex/Census
1851/Sarah Hodgkin/Housemaid/29/Melton, Kent/Census
1851/Hannah Garner/Housemaid/26/Blackheath, Kent/Census
1851/Louisa Hawkins/Housemaid/29/Stoneham, Suffolk/Census
1851/Emily Croft/Housemaid/20/Pimlico, Middlesex/Census
1851/Margaret Scott/Housemaid/21/Penrith, Cumberland/Census
1851/Ann Edwards/Housemaid/24/Finsbury, Middlesex/Census
1851/Anthony Blest/Clerk of the Kitchen, Widow/54/Harwich, Essex/Census
1851/Charles Doubleday/Servant/26/Uppingham, Nottinghamshire/Census
1851/George Guyatt/Servant/25/Stockbridge, Hampshire/Census
1851/William Green/Servant/23/St Lukes, Middlesex/Census
1851/Alfred Buckman/Servant/18/Hartfield, Sussex/Census
1851/John Gist/Servant/22/Switzerland/Census
1851/William Withers/Servant/25/City of London/Census
1851/Joseph Williams/Waiter/34/City of London/Census
1851/Thomas Richards/Pantryman/30/Carnarvon/Census
1851/William Timbs/House Porter/18/Crayford, Kent/Census
1851/John Cook/House Porter/31/Suffolk/Census
1851/Charles Holman/Boots/25/Rocester, Kent/Census
1851/James Bailey/Knife Man/31/../Census

Bull & Mouth Tap :
1851/Emily Bosley/Helper of the Bull & Mouth tap, Wife/26/Suffolk/Census
1851/Rebecca Jackson/Sister/21/Buckinghamshire/Census
1851/John Jackson/Visitor, Glass Finisher/22/Blackwall, Middlesex/Census
1851/William Bosley/Son/8 months/City of London/Census
1851/Louisa Couch/House Servant/24/City of London/Census
1851/Charlotte Graves/House Servant/14/City of London/Census
1851/William J Prichard/Potman/20/Liverpool/Census

1856/Edward Sherman/../../../Post Office Directory

1861/Edward Sherman/Hotel Keeper/84/Berkshire/Census
1861/Geo James Harding/Waiter/27/London/Census
1861/Jas Tibball/Waiter/34/Braintree, Essex/Census
1861/Robt Pasfield/Waiter/25/Egham, Surrey/Census
1861/Fredk Bolton/Waiter/23/Norwich, Norfolk/Census
1861/Henry Stables/Porter/30/Camberwell, Surrey/Census
1861/H James Webber/Waiter/35/Zurich, Germany/Census
1861/Wm Sutton/Carpenter/24/Carmarthen, Wales/Census
1861/Stephen Cox/Porter/32/Aldbourne, Wiltshire/Census
1861/Hester Knott/Chambermaid/39/Westminster, Middlesex/Census
1861/John Churchill/Porter, widow/40/Wiltshire/Census
1861/Mary Strange/Needle Woman, widow/40/London/Census
1861/Sarah Ann Hammond/Barmaid/23/Epping, Essex/Census
1861/Cecelia Hetherington/Needle Woman/21/Hackney, Middlesex/Census
1861/Mary Ann Parsons/Still Room maid/20/Kennington, Surrey/Census
1861/Rebecca Cornish/Housemaid/29/Warlingworth, suffolk/Census
1861/Rhoda Standwick/Housemaid/21/Elnerington, Somerset/Census
1861/Ann White/Housemaid, widow/28/Lambeth, Surrey/Census
1861/Caroline Farrier/Housemaid/21/Brentwood, Essex/Census
1861/Mary Caldon/Housemaid/21/London/Census
1861/Emma Long/Manageress/29/London/Census
1861/Fanny Price/Housekeeper/40/Sunderland/Census
1861/Eliza Chandler/Accountant/27/London/Census
1861/Elizth Emma Watkins/Accountant/22/Raleigh, Essex/Census
1861/Sophia Jeffery/Housemaid/20/London/Census
1861/Julia Banfield/Kitchenmaid/30/Peckham, Kent/Census
1861/Thos Brittain/Kitchen Boy/11/Engram, Essex/Census
1861/Susan Langport/Kitchenmaid/22/Brixton, Surrey/Census
1861/O K Kurmore/Physician/31/Ireland/Census
1861/E Herbert/Merchant/34/Ireland/Census
1861/Mary Woodwait/Housemaid/23/Pearton Hall, Suffolk/Census
1861/John Angell/Porter/29/Chippenham, Wiltshire/Census
+ Visitors

1869/Edward Henry/../../../Post Office Directory *

July 1869/Edward Henry Saunderson/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

July 1869/William Quartermain East/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

1879/William Q East/../../../Post Office Directory **

1880/William Q East/../../../Post Office Directory **

1881/William Quartermain East/Inn Keeper Employing 34 Men 36 Women/52/Acton, Oxford/Census
1881/Charlotte Isabella East/Inn Keepers Wife/45/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Samuel Bateman East/Inn Keepers Son/23/New Cross, Kent/Census
1881/Elizabeth Townsend East/Inn Keepers Daughter In Law/27/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Amelia East/Inn Keepers Daughter/15/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Eliza East/Inn Keepers Daughter/14/Greenwich, Kent/Census
1881/Gertrude Maud East/Inn Keepers Daughter/13/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Charlotte Marmeline East/Inn Keepers Daughter/11/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/William Norwood East/Inn Keepers Son/3/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Percy White East/Inn Keepers Son/3/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Violet East/Inn Keepers Daughter/1/Epsom, Surrey/Census
1881/Muriel Bateman East/Inn Keepers Grand Daughter/3 months/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/Eliza Angus/Hotel Housekeeper/35/Maidenhead, Berkshire/Census
1881/Ellen Alexander Belford/Hotel Clerk/25/Ipswich, Suffolk/Census
1881/Kate Mary O'Connor/Hotel Clerk/26/Lisbord Kerry, Ireland/Census
1881/Susan Elizabeth Young/Hotel Clerk/26/Greenwich, Kent/Census
1881/Lucy Viola Sabine/Hotel Clerk/27/Paternoster Row City/Census
1881/Richard Alexander Johnson/Visitor, Retired Silk Merchant/43/Middlesex/Census
1881/John Martin/Visitor, Dealer In Furs (Broker)/54/Exeter, Devon/Census
1881/Joseph Pick/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/43/Thrussington, Leicester/Census
1881/James Hinds/Lodger, Commissionaire/47/Stamford, Lincoln/Census
1881/William John Rowland/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/39/Chester, Cheshire/Census
1881/Thomas Thompson/Lodger, Draper/60/Melnethorth, Kinross, Scotland/Census
1881/William Rob Gastner/Lodger, Glove Manufacturer/36/Germany/Census
1881/Phillips Fahs/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/62/Germany/Census
1881/Alfred Giles/Lodger, Mechanical Engineer/44/Cheshire/Census
1881/Thomas William Brown/Lodger, Tea Merchant/39/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
1881/Eliza Ann Martin/Lodger/39/Liverpool Edghill/Census
1881/Amelia Georgina Martin/Lodger/34/Liverpool Edghill/Census
1881/Mary Jane Martin/Lodger/37/Liverpool Edghill/Census
1881/Thomas Jaques Martin/Lodger, Insurance Manager/41/Liverpool Edghill/Census
1881/Eliza Martin/Lodger/68/Liverpool/Census
1881/Simon Landsberry/Lodger, Merchant/46/Warsaw, Poland/Census
1881/Julius Hamblum/Lodger, General Merchant/35/Berlin, Germany/Census
1881/Richard Kellett Gaff/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/45/Old Castle Meath/Census
1881/Joseph Schiver/Waiter (Inn)/23/Germany/Census
1881/Charles William Reinholtt/Waiter (Inn)/22/Germany/Census
1881/Charles Genge William Lumpel/Waiter (Inn)/28/Germany/Census
1881/Robert Graham Coathorn/Lodger, Insurance Secretary (Serv)/34/Scotland/Census
1881/Antonius Caust/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/30/Lyons, France/Census
1881/William H Hopkinson/Lodger, Commercial Traveller/24/Grantham, Lincoln/Census
1881/William Otto Dubrans/Waiter (Inn)/21/(F), Germany/Census
1881/James Robb/Lodger, Draper/28/Hexham, Northumberland/Census
1881/Stury Moffatt/Lodger, Iron Monger/23/Hexham, Northumberland/Census
1881/Joseph L Robinson/Lodger, Provision Salesman/29/Liverpool, Lancashire/Census
1881/Jules Souhaus/Lodger, General Merchant/31/Germany/Census
1881/William Henry Dixon/Lodger, Ships Owner (Now On Shore)/51/Liverpool, Lancashire/Census
1881/Henry Bithery/Billiard Marker/18/Luton, Bedford/Census
1881/Isac Blaxall/Plateman (Inn)/22/Warlingworth, Suffolk/Census
1881/David Smith/Lodger, Draper/41/Ayrshire, Scotland/Census
1881/Harry Kenwood/Cook/18/St Leonards, Sussex/Census
1881/Herbert Charles Johns/Kitchen Porter/21/London, Middlesex/Census

1882/William Q East/../../../Post Office Directory

* Provided By Ewan

** Provided By Stephen Harris

*** Provided By Hilary Challis

References : Lots of references are made to two sources on the internet archive :
Edward Callows, Old London Taverns

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