London 1746 Rocques map
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Geographer to the King,
12, 13, and 14, Long Acre, London, W.C.

The maps here given are the best examples of those extant, and are chosen as each being representative of a special period. All but one have appeared in the volumes of Sir Walter Besant's great and exhaustive "Survey of London," for which they were prepared, and the publishers believe that in offering them separately from the books in this handy form they are consulting the interests of a very large number of readers.

The exception above noted is the map known as Faithorne's, showing London as it was before the Great Fire; this is added for purposes of comparison with that of Ogilby, which shows London rebuilt afterwards. Besides the maps properly so called, there are some smaller views of parts of London, all of which are included in the Survey.


Description.—This is more exclusively a plan of the City than any we have yet considered. It runs roughly from the Tower to Lincoln's Inn Fields, and the reason why it is thus limited is that it was made as a survey to assist in the plotting out of land in the City after the Fire.

Designer.—John Ogilby was born about 1600, and did not turn his attention to surveying until he was about sixty-six, when he secured the appointment as "King's Cosmographer and Geographical Printer." He died in 1676, the year before his map was published. He was assisted in the work by William Morgan, his wife's grandson, and most of the actual engraving of the map was done by Hollar.

Original.—The original is 8 feet 5 inches by 4 feet 7 inches, and is in twenty sheets. It is on the scale of 100 feet to the inch. It may be seen in the British Museum (Crace Collection) and in the Guildhall. The two examples differ a little, and that in the Guildhall has an additional sheet. The reproduction here given is taken from that made by the London and Middlesex Archæological Society from the British Museum copy. The arms of the City are in the left-hand top corner, and those of Sir Thomas Davies, Lord Mayor 1676-77, in the right-hand corner.

Details.—Beginning at the left-hand top corner, we find pastures, bowling-greens, and market-gardens. Aylesbury House, next to St. John Street, has magnificent private gardens, and beyond the Charterhouse bowling-green there is a wood. Further east the Honourable Artillery Company, which had been revived by Cromwell, can be seen, with their equipment and tents. This company is directly descended from the Finsbury Archers, whom we noted in the last map, and it is interesting to know that the actual ground on which they are here depicted is still reserved for their use. Moorfields is neatly laid out and planned, and south of it is new Bethlehem Hospital, now transferred across the river. Eastward, again, there is a large open space at Devonshire House Garden, and southward innumerable gardens can be seen, some of which are preserved to this day behind City halls, etc., but so hidden that no one who did not know of their existence could possibly find them.

On tracing the line of the City wall on the north side we see how some of the churches, notably St. Giles's and St. Botolph's, have taken a part of the town ditch for the enlargement of their churchyards; near St. Bartholomew's the town ditch is still marked. This ditch caused the Mayor and Council as much worry as the increase of houses, because it was the receptacle for every kind of filth, and its cleansing annually swallowed up a large sum of money. The Fleet River is shown flowing down in the open, and is called the New Canal. It is crossed by a bridge at Holborn and another at Fleet Street. We can mark the sinuous line of the great thoroughfare of Holborn as it was before the viaduct and approaches were made. The Strand outside Temple Bar shows the obstructions which have only finally been removed in our own time. Butcher Row disappeared first in 1813; other streets followed to make way for the new Law Courts, and with the destruction of Holywell Row and the opening of Kingsway the improvements here may be considered complete.

To the south are the great houses of Essex and Arundel, with their gardens; their names are preserved in the streets that flow over their sites. Somerset House, the Protector's palace, was then standing, and did not make way for its present representative for another hundred years. The river is covered with wherries, clustered as thickly as ants. It is still the main highway for most people, though there were hackney coaches for hire. There was still only London Bridge by which to get across the river on foot, and the boats were used as ferries. There were tilt-boats, too, as well as the smaller wherries; these ran at stated intervals, like our own omnibuses, and were protected by an awning. Near the Fleet mouth is Bridewell, once a palace, and the scene of the meeting of Parliament, but given by Edward VI. to be a prison. On the east is a blank space, where is now the station of the London Chatham and Dover Railway Co., who purchased it in 1844. The site of St. Paul's was plotted out, but not yet built upon. In fact, the rebuilding of the houses was the first consideration, and was done with remarkable promptness, for in the meantime the poor houseless wretches were camping on Moorfields. The churches and city halls were therefore left to the last; yet even so we may see that, though only eleven years had elapsed since the destruction of the City, about twenty churches had been rebuilt out of the eighty-seven that were destroyed. The picturesque Old London of the gable-ends and overhanging stories was gone, never to return; but gone also was a great deal of rubbish and an insanitariness never afterwards quite so bad. As for the overcrowding, we must see what Sir Walter Besant says:

"If we look into Ogilby's map, we see plainly that as regards the streets and courts London after the Fire was very much the same as London before the Fire; there were the same narrow streets, the same crowded alleys, the same courts and yards. Take, for instance, the small area lying between Bread Street Hill on the west and Garlick Hill on the east, between Trinity Lane on the north and Thames Street on the south: is it possible to crowd more courts and alleys into this area? Can we believe that after the Fire London was relieved of its narrow courts with this map before us? Look at the closely-shut-in places marked on the maps—'1 g., m. 46, m. 47, m. 48, m. 40.' These are respectively Jack Alley, Newman's Rents, Sugar-Loaf Court, Three Cranes Court, and Cowden's Rents. Some of these courts survive to this day. They were formed, as the demand for land grew, by running narrow lanes between the backs of houses and swallowing up the gardens. There were 479 such courts in Ogilby's London of 1677, 472 alleys, and 172 yards, besides 128 inns, each of which, with its open courts for the standing of vehicles and its galleries, stood retired from the street on a spot which had once been the fair garden of a citizen's house" (London in the Time of the Stuarts, p. 280).


We Proceed to the Explanation of the Map, containing 25 Wards, 122 Parishes and Liberties, and therein 189 Streets, 153 Lanes, 522 Alleys, 458 Courts, and 210 Yards bearing Name.

The Broad Black Line is the City Wall. The Line of the Freedom is a Chain. The Division of the Wards, thus oooo. The Parishes, Liberties, and Precincts by a Prick-line, .... Each Ward and Parish is known by the Letters and Figures Distributed within their Bounds, which are placed in the Tables before their Names.... The Wards by Capitals without Figures. The Parishes, &c., by Numbers without Letters. The Great Letters with Numbers refer to Halls, Great Buildings, and Inns. The Small Letters to Courts, Yards, and Alleys, every Letter being repeated 99 times, and sprinkled in the Space of 5 Inches, running through the Map, from the Left Hand to the Right, &c. Churches and Eminent Buildings are double Hatch'd, Streets, Lanes, Alleys, Courts, and Yards, are left White. Gardens, &c. faintly Prick'd. Where the Space admits the Name of the Place is in Words at length, but where there is not room, a Letter and Figure refers you to the Table in which the Streets are Alphabetically dispos'd, and in every Street the Churches and Halls, Places of Note, and Inns, with the Courts, Yards, and Alleys, are named; then the Lanes in that Street, and the Churches, &c. as aforesaid, in each Lane.

The several Marks and Names of the Wards, Parishes, and Liberties

A Faringdon Without I Dowgate R Aldersgate
B Faringdon Within K Broad-Street S Billingsgate
C Bainard-Castle L Cornhil T Lime-Street
D Bread-Street M Cheap U Langborn
E Queen-Hith N Bassishaw W Portsoken
F Cordwainers O Coleman-Street X Aldgate
G Walbrook P Bishopsgate Y Candlewick
H Vintry Q Cripplegate
CripT Tower
Z Bridg
Parishes and Liberties
01. St. James Clerkenwel
02. St. Giles Cripple-Gate
03. St. Leonard Shoreditch
04. Norton-Folgate Liberty
05. St. Botolph Bishopsgate
06. Stepney
07. St. Stephen Coleman Street
08. Alhallows on the Wall
09. St. Andrew Holborn
10. St. Giles in the Fields
11. St. Sepulchers
12. St. Mary Cole-Church
13. St. Botolph Aldersgate
14. St. Alphage
15. St. Alban Wood Street
16. St. Olave Silver Street
17. St. Michael Bassishaw
18. Christ Church
19. St. Anne Aldersgate
20. St. Mary Staining
21. St. Mary Aldermanbury
22. St. Olave Jewry
23. St. Martin Ironmonger Lane
24. St. Mildred Poultry
25. St. Bennet Sherehog
26. St. Pancras Soaper Lane
27. St. Laurence Jewry
28. St. Mary Magdalen Milk Street
29. Alhallows Hony Lane
30. St. Mary le Bow
31. St. Peter Cheap
32. St. Michael Wood Street
33. St. John Zachary
34. St. Martins Liberty
35. St. Leonard Foster Lane
36. St. Vedast, alias Foster
37. St. Michael Quern
38. St. John Evangelist
39. St. Mathew Friday Street
40. St. Margaret Lothbury
41. St. Bartholemew Exchange
42. St. Christophers
43. St. Mary Woolnoth
44. St. Mary Woolchurch
45. St. Michael Cornhil
46. St. Bennet Fink
47. St. Peter Poor
48. St. Peter Cornhil
49. St. Martin Outwich
50. St. Hellens
51. St. Ethelborough
52. St. Andrew Undershaft
53. Alhallows Lumbard Street
54. St. Edmond Lumbard Street
55. St. Dionis Back-Church
56. St. Katherine Cree-Church
57. St. James Dukes Place
58. St. Katherine Coleman
59. St. Olave Hart Street
60. St. Botolph Aldgate
61. St. Mary White Chapel
62. Trinity Minories
63. St. Bartholemew the Great
64. Alhallows Staining
65. Alhallows Barking
66. St. Mary Abchurch
67. St. Nicholas Accorn
68. St. Clement East Cheap
69. St. Bennet Grace-Church
70. St. Gabriel Fenchurch
71. St. Margaret Pattons
72. St. Andrew Hubbart
73. Dutchy Liberty
74. St. Clement Danes
75. Rolls Liberty
76. St. Dunstan in the West
77. White Fryers Precinct
78. St. Bridget
79. Bridewel Precinct
80. St. Anne Black-Fryers
81. St. Martin's Ludgate
82. St. Gregories
083. St. Andrew Wardrobe
084. St. Bennet Paul's Wharf
085. St. Peter
086. St. Mary Magdaline Old Fish-Street
087. St. Nicholas Cole-Abby
088. St. Austine
089. St. Margaret Moses
090. Alhallows Bread-Street
091. St. Mildred Bread-Street
092. St. Nicholas Olave
093. St. Mary Mounthaw
094. St. Mary Somerset
095. St. Michael Queen Hith
096. Trinity
097. St. Mary Aldermary
098. St. Thomas Apostles
099. St. Michael Royal
100. St. James Garlick-Hith
101. St. Martin Vintry
102. St. Antholin's
103. St. John Baptist
104. St. Stephen Walbrook
105. St. Swithin
106. St. Mary Bothaw
107. Alhallows the Great
108. St. Faith's
109. St. Leonard East Cheap
110. St. Laurence Poultney
111. St. Martin Orgar's
112. Little Alhallows
113. St. Michael Crooked Lane
114. St. Magnus at the Bridg
115. St. Margaret New Fish-Street
116. St. George Botolph Lane
117. St. Botolph Billingsgate
118. St. Mary Hill
119. St. Dunstans in the East
120. Little St. Bartholemews
121. Tower Liberty
122. St. Katherines
The References on the left of the names refer to the marginal numbers on the Map

07-14. African House, Throgmorton Street, B55
002-5. Ailesbury's House, Earl of, A7
07-18. Aldgate
10-17. Alhallows Barking Church
09-10. Alhallows Bread-street Church
11-12. Alhallows Church, Great
11-12. Alhallows Church, Little
07-10. Alhallows Hony Lane Church [site absorbed into Hony Lane Market]
09-14. Alhallows Lombard Street Church
05-14. Alhallows on the Wall Church
09-17. Alhallows Staining Church, Mark Lane
009-6. Apothecary's Hall, C1
05-12. Armorers Hall, Coleman Street, A65
011-1. Arundel House
05-10. Barber Chyrurgeons Hall, A59
06-15. Barnadiston's House, Sir Samuel, B61
006-3. Barnard's Inn
006-3. Bell Inn, Holborn, A83
008-6. Bell Savage Inn, Ludgate Hill, B77
003-6. Berkley's House, Lord, A11
06-14. Bethlehem, New
06-15. Bishops Gate
006-3. Black Bull Inn, Holborn, A84
006-3. Black Swan Inn, Holborn, A81
010-9. Blacksmith's Hall, C29
07-11. Blackwel Hall, B49
07-11. Blossom's Inn, B48
006-9. Bludworth's House, Sir Thomas, Maiden Lane, B3
009-4. Bolt and Tun Inn, Fleet Street, B98
06-10. Brewers Hall, Addle Street, B7
08-17. Brick-Layers Hall, Leaden Hall Street, C52
009-6. Bridewell
009-6. Bridewel Precinct Chapel, Bride Lane
003-9. Bridgwaters House, Earl of, A18
006-2. Brook House
10-11. Buckingham's House, Duke of, C19
006-8. Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth Street, A98
10-15. Butchers Hall, C39
009-2. Chancery Office, Chancery Lane, B73
003-6. Charter House
007-7. Christ Church, Newgate Street
007-7. Christ Hospital
07-12. Clayton's House, Sir Robert, Old Jewry, B52
009-1. Clements Inn
006-9. Clerks Hall, Silver Street, B4
009-3. Clifford's Inn
09-16. Cloth Workers Hall, Mincing Lane, C25
006-9. Cooks Hall, Aldersgate Street, C50
06-11. Coopers Hall, Bassishaw Street, B14
009-9. Cordwainers Hall
05-10. Cripple Gate
05-10. Curryers Hall, London Wall, A60
007-2. Cursitor's Office
11-17. Custome house
09-12. Cutlers Hall, Cloak Lane, C21
006-5. David's House, Sir Thomas. Snow Hill, B34
05-16. Devonshire House, A73
009-9. Doctors Commons, C10
003-7. Dorchester's House, Marquess of, A13
07-14. Drapers Hall, B57
06-14. Dutch Church
11-13. Dyers Hall, New Key, Thames Street
08-16. East India House, Leaden Hall Street, B88
006-4. Ely House
010-1. Essex House
06-14. Excise Office, Broad Street, C60
10-15. Fiery Pillar, The [The Monument]
11-14. Fishmongers Hall, Thames Street
009-6. Fleet Bridg
008-5. Fleet [Prison]
07-12. Founders Hall, Loathbury, B56
07-12. Frederick's House, Sir John, Old Jewry, B51
07-14. French Church, B62
006-3. Furnival's Inn
006-6. George Inn, Holborn Bridg, A92
09-10. Gerrard's Hall Inn, C16
05-11. Girdlers Hall, A63
03-10. Glovers Hall, Beech Lane, A20
007-9. Goldsmiths Hall, Foster Lane, B39
005-1. Gray's Inn
07-15. Gresham Colledge
003-7. Grey's House, Lord, A14
08-12. Grocers Hall, B53
07-11. Guild Hall
07-10. Haberdashers Hall, B8
07-12. Hern's House, Sir Nathiel, Loathbury, B54
004-6. Hicks's Hall
007-5. Holborn Bridge
0——  [Holy] Trinity Church, Trinity Lane [see Trinity Church]
0——  [Holy] Trinity Minories Church [see Trinity Minories]
009-3. Inner Temple, Inner Temple Lane
10-12. Inn-Holders Hall, Elbow Lane, C34
08-17. Ironmongers Hall, Fenchurch Street, B91
11-11. Joyners Hall, Fryer Lane, Thames Street, C37
006-5. Kings Arms Inn, Holborn Bridg, A90
009-7. King's Printing House, C3
05-11. Lariner's Hall, Fore Street, A78
07-16. Lawrence's House, Sir John, Great St. Hellens, B67

08-15. Leaden Hall Market
06-16. Leather-Sellers Hall
007-2. Lincoln's Inn
010-1. Lions Inne
11-14. London Bridg
005-8. London House, A57
009-7. Ludgate
09-10. Lutheran Church, Trinity Lane (N.E. corner Little Trinity Lane)
08-11. Mercer's Chapel
08-14. Merchant-Taylors Hall
10-12. Merchant-Taylors School, Suffolk Lane, C39
009-3. Middle Temple, Middle Temple Lane
08-10. Milkstreet or Hony lane Market
0——  [Monument, The, see "Fiery Pillar"]
09-17. Navy Office, Mark Lane, C26
010-1. New Inn
002-4. New Prison, or Bridewel, Clerkenwel Green
002-4. Newcastle's House, Duke of, A6
007-6. Newgate
008-7. Newgate Market
10-10. Painters Stainers Hall
08-17. Papillion's House, Mr. Tho., Fenchurch Street, C54
06-14. Pay Office, Broad Street, B22
08-16. Pewterers Hall, Lime Street, C62
007-7. Physicians College, B37
06-14. Pinner's Hall, B21
06-10. Plaisterers Hall, Addle Street, B6
06-15. Post Office, General, Bishopsgate Street Within, B59
08-12. Poultry Compter, B83
009-8. Prerogative Office, St. Paul's Church Yard, C6
008-4. Red Lyon Inn, Fleet Street, B75
007-5. Rose Inn, Holborn-Bridg, A91
08-14. Royal Exchange
007-9. Sadler's Hall, Cheapside, B41
09-13. Salter's Hall, St. Swithins Lane, C23
006-5. Sarazens Head Inn, Snow Hill, A93
009-6. Scotch Hall, C2
006-9. Scriveners Hall
009-3. Serjeant's Inn, Chancery Lane, B97
009-4. Serjeant's Inn, Fleet Street
008-6. Session House, The, Old Bayly
009-8. Sheldon's House, Sir Joseph, St. Paul's Church Yard, C7
008-2. Simond's Inn, Chancery Lane, B71
05-11. Sion College, A61
009-2. Six Clarks Office, Chancery Lane, B72
10-12. Skinners Hall, Dough-Gate Hill, C33
005-6. Smithfield Penns
011-1. Somerset House
06-10. St. Alban Wood-Street Church
05-11. St. Alphage Church, London Wall
006-4. St. Andrew Holborn Church
10-15. St. Andrew Hubbart Church, Little East-Cheap [formerly S. side, between Buttolph Lane and Love Lane]
08-16. St. Andrew Undershaft Church, Leaden Hall Street, B66
010-7. St. Andrew Wardrobe Church
006-9. St. Anne Aldersgate Church
009-6. St. Anne Black-Fryers Church
09-12. St. Antholine's Church, Budg Row
008-9. St. Austine's Church
005-7. St. Bartholemew Church, Great
006-7. St. Bartholemew's Church, Little
08-13. St. Bartholemew Exchange Church
006-7. St. Bartholemew's Hospital
08-13. St. Bennet Fink Church
08-15. St. Bennet Grace Church
010-8. St. Bennet Pauls Wharf Church
08-11. St. Bennet Sherehog Church
009-6. St. Bridget's Church
006-9. St. Buttolph Aldersgate Church
06-19. St. Buttolph Aldgate Church
11-15. St. Buttolph Billingsgate Church [formerly S. side of Thames Street between Buttolph Lane and Love Lane]
05-16. St. Buttolph Bishopsgate Church
08-13. St. Christophers Church
010-1. St. Clement Danes Church
09-14. St. Clement's Eastcheap Church
009-3. St. Dunstan's Church
10-16. St. Dunstan's in the East Church
09-14. St. Edmond Lumbard Street Church
06-16. St. Ethelborough Church, Bishopsgate Street Within [immediately N. of Little St. Hellens]
009-8. St. Faith's Church [under-St.-Paul's]
09-16. St. Gabriel Fenchurch Church [absorbed into the roadway of Fenchurch Street, between Rood Lane and Mincing Lane]
10-15. St. George Buttolph Church, C40
04-10. St. Giles's Cripplegate Church
009-8. St. Gregory's Church [site absorbed by St. Paul's]
07-16. St. Hellen's Church
07-18. St. James Dukes Place Church, Dukes Place
10-11. St. James Garlick Hith Church
09-12. St. John Baptist Church
009-9. St. John Evangelist Church, Friday Street [formerly E. side, at the corner of Watling Street, having the latter street on the north]
006-9. St. John Zachary Church, Maiden Lane
08-17. St. Katherine Coleman Church

08-17. St. Katherine Cree Church, Leaden Hall Street, B68
10-13. St. Laurence Poultney Church
07-11. St. Lawrence Jewry Church
10-15. St. Leonard East Cheap Church
007-9. St. Leonard Foster-Lane Church
11-14. St. Magnus Church, Thames Street, C59
09-13. St. Mary Abchurch Church
06-11. St. Mary Aldermanbury Church
09-11. St. Mary Aldermary Church
09-12. St. Mary Bothaw Church
06-11. St. Mary Cole Church, Cheapside [formerly S.W. corner of Old Jewry]
10-16. St. Mary Hill Church, C43
08-10. St. Mary le Bow Church
07-10. St. Mary Magdalen's Church, Milk Street [site absorbed into Hony lane Market]
010-9. St. Mary Magdaline Old Fish Street Church
010-9. St. Mary Mounthaw Church
010-9. St. Mary Somerset Church
006-9. St. Mary Staining Church, Oat Lane
08-12. St. Mary Wool Church [site absorbed into Wool Church Market]
08-13. St. Mary Woolnoth Church, Lumbard Street [opposite Pope's Head Alley]
07-12. St. Margaret Loathbury Church
009-9. St. Margaret Moses Church, Friday Street [formerly S.W. corner of Basing Lane]
09-15. St. Margaret Patton's Church
10-15. St. Margaret's New Fish Street Church [site absorbed by the Monument]
07-11. St. Martin Ironmonger Church, Ironmonger Lane [formerly adjoining the west end of St. Olave Jewry]
008-7. St. Martin Ludgate Church
10-13. St. Martin Orgar's Church
07-15. St. Martin Outwich Church, Bishopsgate Street Within [S.E. corner of Thread Needle Street]
10-11. St. Martin Vintry Church
008-9. St. Mathew Friday Street Church
09-10. St. Mildred Bread-Street Church
08-12. St. Mildred Poultry Church, B84
06-11. St. Michael Bassishaw Church
08-14. St. Michael Cornhil
10-14. St. Michael Crooked Lane Church
10-10. St. Michael Queen Hith Church
007-9. St. Michael Quern Church, Cheapside [site absorbed into roadway of Cheapside at junction of Pater Noster Row and Blow Bladder Street]
09-11. St. Michael Royal Church
007-9. St. Michael Wood-Street Church, B45
09-13. St. Nicholas Acorn Church
009-9. St. Nicholas Cole-Abby Church, Old Fish Street (N.W. corner of Old Fish St. Hill)
09-10. St. Nicholas Olave's Church, Bread-Street Hill [formerly near middle of W. side]
09-17. St. Olave Hart-street Church, C27
07-12. St. Olave Jewry Church
05-10. St. Olave Silver Street Church
08-11. St. Pancras Soaper Lane Church
009-8. St. Paul's Cathedral
009-8. St. Paul's House, Dean of, St. Paul's Church Yard, C5
11-18. [St. Peter-ad-Vincula] Church, Tower of London
07-10. St. Peter Cheap Church
06-14. St. Peter Poor Church
010-8. St. Peter's Church
08-14. St. Peter's Cornhil
007-6. St. Sephlcher's Church
06-12. St. Stephen Coleman Street Church, B56
09-12. St. Stephen Walbrook Church
10-12. St. Swithin Church, Cannon Street
09-11. St. Thomas Apostles Church, St. Thomas Apostles
007-9. St. Vedast Church, B40
006-2. Staple Inn
008-7. Stationers Hall
006-5. Swan Inn, Holborn-Bridg, A89
06-10. Swan with Two Necks Inn, Ladd Lane, B11
09-12. Tallow Chandlers Hall, Dough-Gate Hill, C22
010-3. Temple Church
005-9. Thanet House, A58
006-4. Thavy's Inn, Holborn, A86
11-19. Tower, The
0——  Trinity Church, Trinity Lane [site occupied by Lutheran Church, which see]
10-17. Trinity House, Water Lane, C45
08-19. Trinity Minories Church, B70
009-8. Turners House, Sir William, St. Paul's Church Yard, C4
11-11. Vintonners Hall
08-13. Vyner's House, Sir Robert, Lumbard Street, B85
10-13. Ward's House, Sir Patient, Lawrence Poultney's Hill, C38
006-1. Warwick House
11-13. Watermans Hall, New Key, Thames Street, C28
11-13. Waterman's House, Sir George, Thames Street, C57
07-10. Wax Chandellors Hall, Maiden Lane, B43
06-11. Weavers Hall, Bassishaw Street, B13
08-17. Whitchurch House, Leaden Hall Street, C53
10-11. Whittington's College, College Hill, m15
07-10. Wood Street Compter, B46
09-12. Wool Church Market