London history over 2000 years
Medal & Mortality index
The Military Cross was instituted as a Decoration on December 28th, 1914, to
reward Distinguished Services rendered by Officers of certain ranks in the army
in time of war. Bars may be added for additional acts of gallantry. Since August
1st, 1918, it has, like the D.S.O., been awarded for "services in action" only.
WEIR, 2/Lieutenant James ... ... ... ... ... 5/Scottish Borderers
Near YPRES, 19th August, 1917. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in taking charge when a shell had killed or wounded all the officers and several men at a company headquarters, evacuating the wounded, and reorganising the company, though the position was exposed to direct observation and under heavy fire.
BAR TO M.C.
Near POZIERES, 22/23 July, 1918. For conspicuous gallantry and ability. He assembled the battalion for attack under extremely difficult conditions and on ground which was entirely unfamiliar to him. When the enemy replied to our preliminary barrage he showed great courage, and by his able bearing steadied the men. It was entirely due to him that the battalion effected the relief and formed up in time to assume the offensive.
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